Thereis a wide variety of water pumps available to suit many different purposes andneeds. In this article find out the various applications of water pumps in the agricultural sector, waste management, as a flood control mechanism, and in the industrial sector. The pumping of water is a basic and practicaltechnique, far more practical than scooping it up with one's hands or liftingit in a hand-held bucket.

Healthis wealth and that’s why we have made water pumps available at GZ Industrial supplies because, in day-to-day situations, availablewater is often contaminated, unhealthy, or even naturally poisonous, so that itis necessary to pump potable water from lower levels to higher levels, where itcan be of use. A freshwater source in a lower stream, river, pond, or lake is oftenpumped to higher ground for irrigation, livestock, cooking, cleaning, or otheruses by humans, who quite naturally need fresh water. This will purify mostlyfreshwater, and the treatment of largely contaminated water refers endlessly topumping.

Table of contents

What is a water pump?

How do water pumps work?

What do water pumps do?

What water pump do I need?

What are the different types of water pumps?

What are the Applications of a water pump?


What is a water pump?

Awater pump is an electromechanical machine used to increase the pressure of waterto move it from one point to another. Modern water pumps are used throughout theworld to supply water for municipal, industrial, agricultural, and residentialuses.

Waterpumps also are used to move wastewater in sewage treatment plants. Modern waterpumps most often are driven by electricity, but other power sources also areused—for example, diesel or gasoline engines. In some remote areas, such asdesert regions, solar panels may be used to supply power to small pumps.

Types of water pump

There are several types of water pumpsincluding positive displacement pumps and centrifugal pumps, which provide thesame service, however, operate differently. We are the industry leader in water pumps hence we sellthe best water pump in Nigeria.

The core concept of a water pump is to use amotor to convert rotational energy or kinetic energy and turn it into energyfor moving fluid or for fluid flow (hydrodynamic energy).

Centrifugal Pump

The Centrifugal pumps work with an impeller,fluid enters through the rotating impeller and is expelled out throughcentrifugal force through the impeller’s tips. The process of this increases thevelocity and pressure of the fluid and directs it toward the outlet of thepump. A type of centrifugal pump is a submersible pump.

Applications of centrifugal pump

Wateris very essential for efficient farming. Often such water is found in varioussources like borewells, ponds, wells, streams, and rivers. A water pump machineis the most effective means of lifting water from these sources. There aredifferent types of pumps available. Choosing the right type of pump dependsupon the suction lift and delivery head.

(Video) Pumps Types - Types of Pump - Classification of Pumps - Different Types of Pump

Centrifugal water pump is most commonly used for agriculturepurposes, it is a rotary machine in which an impeller rotates inside acasing, draws in the liquid at its center, and throws out the liquid through anopening at the side of the casing due to centrifugal force.

Pumpsare used extensively inagriculture to move water from the water source, whichcould be a river, dam, or bore, through pipes to either a point of usage or astorage facility, such as a water tank or an irrigation system.

Centrifugalpumps are also commonly used for pumping sewage, because these pumps canbe easily installed in pits and sumps, and can easily transport the suspendedmatter present in the sewage.

Reciprocating pumps

They are positive displacement pumps that havean expanding cavity on the suction side of the machine and a decreasing cavitythat is located on the discharge side of the machine. The water pump works byalternately filling the cavity and then displacing the fluid with each cyclehaving a constant volume no matter the pressure or the pump head that is used.

Application of reciprocating or positivedisplacement pump

Positive displacement pumps are commonly usedfor pumping high viscosity fluids such as oil, paints, resins, or foodstuffs.They are preferred in any application where accurate dosing or high-pressureoutput is required. Unlike centrifugal pumps, the output of a positivedisplacement pump is not affected by pressure so they also tend to be preferredin any situation where the supply is irregular. Most are self-priming.

Type of PD Pump Application Features
Piston pump Water – high-pressure washing; other low viscosity liquids; oil production; paint spraying Reciprocating action with piston(s) sealed with o-rings
Plunger pump Reciprocating action with a plunger(s) sealed with packing
Diaphragm pump Used for metering or dispensing; spraying/cleaning, water treatment; paints, oils; corrosive liquids Sealless, self-priming, low flows, and capable of high pressures
Gear pump Pumping high viscosity fluids in petrochemical, chemical, and food industries: oil, paints, foodstuffs Meshed gears provide the rotary pumping action
Lobe pump Chemical and food industries; sanitary, pharmaceutical, and biotechnology applications Low shear and wear. Easy to clean or sterilize
Screw pump Oil production, fuel transfer, and injection; irrigation Fluid moves axially reducing turbulence; capable of high flow rates
Vane pump Low viscosity fluids; automotive transmission systems; fuel loading and transmission; drinks dispensers Resistant to entrained solids and withstands vane wear. The design allows the variable output

Submersible pumps

Submersible pumps operate under the principleof Electric Submersible Pumping (ESP). This is achieved by lowering flowingpressure, which decreases the pressure at the bottom of the shaft in which thesubmersible pump sits. The motor of an ESP system is also designed to functionunder high temperatures (up to 300 degrees Fahrenheit) and high pressures, soit is used in situations where very deep wells are common, such as oilwells.

They can be relatively expensive to run becausethey require special electricity cables, although new developments have seenthe introduction of coiled tubing umbilicals to supply energy to the deepmotors. Additionally, electric usage is much higher than other submersible pumpmotors, and the pump functions on tight tolerances that don’t allow for solidsand sand.

Application of submersible pumps

Water pumps or flood pumps are often overlookedby flood companies. At GZ Industrial Supplies we always highlight the importance of waterpumps because no matter what type of barrier you use, a certain amount of waterwill almost always seep into the protected area (even through brick walls), orin the case of rain, fall behind a barrier.

Sump pumps are fantastic in flood defenseschemes, but they must be submerged in water to function correctly. They areoften permanently wired in and installed into sumps. When coupled with anautomatic float switch they are perfect for passive flood defense schemes.

Sump pumps are very good at dealing with groundwaterflooding, seepage, and rainfall. They allow the groundwater and floodwater tobe drained away effectively. Sump pumps generally have higher flow rates thanpuddle pumps. Unlike a puddle pump, a submersible pump cannot run dry andrequires pre-installation work with a chamber.

Groundwater flooding is not yet wellunderstood, but it is where periods of high rainfall fill the water tableresulting in the flooding of basements or groundwater appearing at the surface,which can add to or cause flooding. This is usually common when the ground islow lying or near to a watercourse.

Sump pumps can help deal with groundwaterflooding, helping to keep your property dry.

Wide choice of flow rates

Can be permanently installed

Good at dealing with groundwaterflooding, seepage, and rainfall

(Video) Pump Types and Applications

Use internally or externally

Where can I buy a water pump in Nigeria?

Youcan buy water pumps in the following places in Nigeria:

1. GZIndustrial Supplies Ogba

Welcometo GZ Industrial Supplies Nigeria Water Pump Supplier Division Ogba.

79Yaya Abatan Road,



Tel.+234 8053390169, +234 8053390166, +234 8056598802

WhatsApp:+234 7030806282

2. GZIndustrial Supplies Ikeja

Welcometo GZ Industrial Supplies Nigeria Water Pump Supplier Division Ikeja.

18Adesina Street, Off Obafemi Awolowo Way,


Tel.+234 8181069339, +234 7031515985, +234 8060907072

WhatsApp:+234 8181069339

3. GZIndustrial Supplies Lekki

(Video) Types of Pumps, working animation and Classification. Centifugal pump and more

Welcometo GZ Industrial Supplies Nigeria Water Pump Supplier Division Lekki.

Suit10 Sebuff plaza Lekki Epe Expressway by Jakande Roundabout,


Tel.+234 8181069339, +234 8053390169 +234 8060907072

4. GZIndustrial Supplies Apapa

Welcometo GZ Industrial Supplies Nigeria Water Pump Supplier Division Apapa.

10Apapa Oshodi Expressway, Coconut Bus stop Opposite Total Jetty.


Tel.+234 8181069339, +234 7031515985, +234 8060907072

5. GZ Industrial Supplies Calabar

Welcometo GZ Industrial Supplies Nigeria Water Pump Supplier Division Calabar

Plot118, Block F, Etgbor Layout ,

Calabar,Cross Rivers State.

Tel.+234 8053098754

6. GZIndustrial Supplies Port Harcourt

Welcometo GZ Industrial Supplies Nigeria Water Pump Supplier Division Port Harcourt.


238Aba Road, Onyejieke’s Plaza beside Fidelity Bank, Rumuogba,


Tel.+234 8181069339, +234 8053390169 +234 8060907072

Pleasenote that most of our products are shipped from our warehouses in Lagos, PortHarcourt, Calabar.

Frequently Asked Questions on Water Pumps

What do water pumps do?

The main purpose of a water pumping system isto move water from one area to another. They are often applied to constructionsites as a form of water extraction, assisting in the removal of water whenexcavating, at sewage plants, in flooded areas or when dealing with water wellsand oil wells.

Water pumps are not limited however to justconstruction sites, they can be utilized on residential sites, industrialsites, or commercial sites assisting in dewatering purposes. For the hiring ofwater pumping systems, a water pump is required. A water pump operates thewater pumping machine and ensures that it is running effectively.

What water pump do I need?

When looking for the type of water pump that is correct for your task, you need to takeinto consideration the site of the operation, the size of the operation, andthe distance that is needed. All these factors can determine what water pumpingsystem you require.

Water pump systems often have different hoselengths so be sure to check the distance you need to be covered, this is vitalin dewatering a well or ground dewatering work. When operating over largedistances adding a high head pump is a great option.

Although when considering if there is anelevation difference between the pump and the fluid a submersible pump would bebest. Considering the site location can also determine what water pump is bestto use. When operating in built-up or residential areas, there may be noiserestrictions and therefore a silenced water pump would be optimal.

About GZ Industrial Supplies Nigeria

GZ Industrial Supplies Nigeria is a company whose existence is premised upon the need for distribution and supplies of industrial materials and as one of the homes of the largest direct marketers and premier distributors of industrial materials, Maintenance, Repair, and Operations ("MRO") supplies, Metal-working and workshop tools, Lubricants, Chemicals, Degreasers, Inverters and Batteries, Cleaning and maintenance chemicals to industrial customers in Nigeria.


We can see that water pumps are useful invirtually every industry, contact us for the best water pumps in Nigeria and have theopportunity to have azoom meeting with our experts.

Jan 20, 2021 Emiliana Chiaha

(Video) Pump Chart Basics Explained - Pump curve HVACR


How many types of water pump are there? ›

There are two major types of water pumps; centrifugal pumps and positive displacement pumps, each with its subcategories.

What is the application of water pump? ›

A water pump can drain water from a basement or shallow flooded areas, drain and fill a swimming pool or dam. It can also be utilised in the irrigation needed for agriculture. Water pumps are employed for getting rid of excess water to reduce the downtime from large rain events.

What type of pump is used for water? ›

The two most common types of pumps used for pumping water are centrifugal pumps and positive displacement pumps.

What are the different types of pumps and their function? ›

There are three basic types of pumps: positive-displacement, centrifugal and axial-flow pumps. In centrifugal pumps the direction of flow of the fluid changes by ninety degrees as it flows over an impeller, while in axial flow pumps the direction of flow is unchanged.

What is centrifugal pump and its application? ›

Centrifugal pumps are commonly used for pumping water, solvents, organics, oils, acids, bases and any 'thin' liquids in both industrial, agricultural and domestic applications. In fact, there is a design of centrifugal pump suitable for virtually any application involving low viscosity fluids.

What is the application of booster pump? ›

Booster pumps increase low water flow in water systems or industrial facilities and deliver water from lakes, ponds or storage tanks for use in homes or commercial buildings. A home that does not get enough pressure from the city water supply will need a pump to add low water pressure.

What is the use of four water pump? ›

These pumps are used to provide water supplies for buildings and well-matched with pneumatic systems where the no-suction lift is necessary. The main purpose of these water pumps is to pump water from wells in homes & to increase water pressure in intake lines.

Which type of pump is used in house? ›

There are four primary types of pumps. There are sump pumps, sewage pumps, utility pumps and well pumps. Sump pumps remove water that collects in basins from around a home's foundation. Many are submersible sump pumps.

Which pump is most commonly used? ›

Centrifugal pumps are the most common type, since they are suitable for handling water and relatively easy to manufacture.

Is water pump dc or ac? ›

A 12 volt DC water pump will run on its built-in 12-volt power system. A large commercial pump requires a 230-volt power supply, while a 12-volt model requires only a 120-volt power source.

What are the 2 general types of pumps? ›

Pumps are divided into 2 major categories: Dynamic and Positive Displacement (aka Displacement).

What are the 3 types of centrifugal pumps? ›

Single-stage, Two-stage, or Multi-stage.

Which pump is used for high pressure? ›

The high-pressure pump is a centrifugal pump with a head of between 200 and 1200 m, which is used, for example, in pressure booster systems, Low-pressure, medium-pressure or super-pressure pumps are used for other areas of application.

What is the most common type of pump used in industry? ›

Centrifugal pumps: These are the most common type of pumps used in the chemical industry. They are highly efficient pumps, simple in design and operation, and generally less expensive than other types of pumps. All centrifugal pumps draw liquid into the impeller by suction, causing a vacuum.

What are the types of pumps used in water supply engineering? ›

Reciprocating pumps and rotary pumps are the two types of positive-displacement pumps.
  • 2.2. 1 Reciprocating pump. The reciprocating pumps help transfer a certain quantity of liquid by application of pressure. ...
  • 2.2. 2 Rotary Pump.
30 Sept 2020

What is impeller in pump? ›

An impeller is a rotating iron or steel disc with vanes in a centrifugal pump. Impellers transfer energy from the motor that drives the pump to the fluid being pumped by accelerating the fluid radially outwards from the centre of rotation.

How do water pumps work? ›

When the water hits the rotating impeller, energy of the impeller is transferred to the water, forcing the water out (centrifugal force). The water is displaced outward, and more water can now enter the suction side of the pump to replace the displaced water.

What are the 3 ways a water pump can fail? ›

15 Apr 2016

What is the application of diaphragm pump? ›

Because diaphragm pumps are so versatile, they are used in virtually every industry that requires fluid transfer. They are often used for dewatering or water removal across many different industries. They are used for filling, dispensing and metering due to their efficiency and accuracy.

What are the 3 types of impellers? ›

  • Open impellers. An open impeller has a hub with attached vanes and is mounted on a shaft. ...
  • Semi-closed impellers. A semi-closed impeller has an additional back wall, giving it more strength. ...
  • Closed or shrouded impellers. ...
  • Screw impellers.

What are the applications of screw pump? ›

They are suited for a variety of applications such as fuel-injection, oil burners, boosting, hydraulics, fuel, lubrication, circulating, feed, and to pump high-pressure viscous fluids in offshore and marine installations. Compared to various other pumps, screw pumps have several advantages.

What is pressure pump used for? ›

Basically, a pressure pump can be used in any instance where a higher flow rate or increased water pressure is required, or to get water from point A to point B. - Feeding water to an apparatus that might require high volumes of water at a higher pressure for an industrial application.

What is the difference between water pump and booster pump? ›

The typical water pump, also called the booster pump, is the commonly used pump in homes or buildings. These pumps work like a fan with impeller inside to be able to maintain a certain water pressure and water flow within the water system.

What are the 2 main purpose of a pump? ›

Function of pumps:

Function of the pump is to raise pressure of fluid and impart desirable velocity. So that fluid may be transported from one place to another.

Why are centrifugal pumps used for water? ›

Centrifugal pumps work well with large volumes of liquid transfer. Centrifugal pumps are commonly used to transfer water, chemicals and light fuels because they're well suited for transferring large volumes of low viscosity liquids.

Which pump is better for household applications? ›

1 hp submersible pump

A 1hp submersible pump is best for domestic use and its performance is also high. It lasts for longer and can be used for many years.

Which pump is best for water tank? ›

Submersible pumps are very quiet and don't take up any space outside of the water tank. For those reasons, submersible pumps have become the choice for Complimentary Water Systems. Many submersible pumps are multi stage pumps with a maximum water flow of 80 to 100 litres per minute and maximum head of 350 to 500 kPa.

Which water pump is good for home? ›

Best Water Pumps in India Summary
Best Water PumpCrompton 1HP SP Mini Champ
Best Water PumpKirloskar 0.5 Hp Jalraaj
Motor Power0.5 HP
PriceBuy on Amazon
Best Water PumpKirloskar Chotu 0.5HP
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18 Aug 2021

Why is centrifugal pump most used? ›

Centrifugal pumps are one of the most common pumps in the world. They are used over a wide variety of applications because they have a simple design that produces high efficiency. They can handle a diverse range of head and capacity while producing a high flow rate. They rank high for ease of operation.

Is a water pump a compressor? ›

Sometimes the words "pump" and "compressor" are used interchangeably, but there is a difference: A pump is a machine that moves a fluid (either liquid or gas) from one place to another. A compressor is a machine that squeezes a gas into a smaller volume and (often) pumps it somewhere else at the same time.

Why DC motor is used in water pump? ›

DC motors have been used as pump drive motors due to their variable speed control ability, especially at low speeds, simple control system, high starting torque and good transient response.

Do water pumps have motors? ›

In these pumps, the impeller spins like a jet turbine to push water. This causes the water to be at a pressure much higher than atmospheric pressure. It is usually powered by an electric motor that turns the impeller. However, there are some that use a gasoline motor for when electricity is not available.

What are the 2 types of pumps? ›

Pumps are divided into 2 major categories: Dynamic and Positive Displacement (aka Displacement).

What is the most common type of pump? ›

Centrifugal pumps are the most common type, since they are suitable for handling water and relatively easy to manufacture.

What are 3 types of rotary pumps? ›

Types of rotary pumps
  • Rotary Vane Pump: These pumps use suction to draw fluid into the pump. ...
  • Gear Pump: The gear pump uses two spur gears that mesh together and rotate in opposite directions. ...
  • Screw Pump: There are many types of screw pumps characterized by the number and pitch of screws.
17 Nov 2021

Where is rotary pump used? ›

Rotary pumps are most commonly used to circulate lubricating oil in mechanical equipment or to provide pressure for hydraulic operating systems. The oil used in these systems is usually cleaned by filtering. The pumped fluid lubricates the pump's internal gears and bearings.

What is difference between centrifugal pump and rotary pump? ›

Centrifugal pumps differ from rotary pumps in that they rely on kinetic energy rather than mechanical means to move liquid. Liquid enters the pump at the center of a rotating impeller and gains energy as it moves to the outer diameter of the impeller.

What pump type is used on most well applications? ›


One of the most popular well pump choices among homeowners, submersible well pumps look like long metal cylinders that are completely submerged in a well. They use a motor to draw water from the well up through the pump and into an above-ground reservoir.

What is a 3 stage water pump? ›

A 3 stage pump is a type of pump that can be used for water or oil extraction. It works by using three pistons to move the fluid up and down a pipe. The first piston is in the uppermost position, the second is in the middle position, and the third is at the bottom. This system was developed in 1795 by John Smeaton.

What is the use of reciprocating pump? ›

Reciprocating pumps are used where a precise amount of fluid is required to be delivered, also where the delivery pressure required is higher than can be achieved with other types. The fluid is moved by the means of a piston that travels in a cylinder.

What are the two types of centrifugal pumps? ›

Accordingly, radial, Axial, and Mixed flow are three types of centrifugal pumps.


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