Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (2022)

Definitions

HACCP

Acronym for Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point. A prevention-based food safety system that identifies and monitors specific food safety hazards that can adversely affect the safety of food products.

Food Facility

  • Food facility means an operation that stores, prepares, packages, serves, vends, or otherwise provides food for human consumption at the retail level, including, but not limited to, the following: (1) an operation where food is consumed on or off the premises, regardless of whether there is a charge for the food, and (2) a place used in conjunction with the operations described in this subdivision, including, but not limited to, storage facilities for food-related utensils, equipment, and materials.
  • Food facility includes permanent and nonpermanent food facilities, including, but not limited to, the following: (1) public and private school cafeterias, (2) restricted food service facilities, (3) licensed health care facilities, except as provided in paragraph 12 of subdivision (c) of the Health and Safety Code Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (1) , (4) commissaries, (5) mobile food facilities, (6) mobile support units, (7) temporary food facilities, and (8) vending machines.

Food Handler

An individual involved in the preparation, storage, or service of food in a food facility.

California Retail Food Code or CalCode

Alternate names commonly used to refer to parts of the California Health and Safety Code.

Compliance

The California Department of Education (CDE) monitors compliance with food safety during the administrative review (AR). ARs occur approximately every three years. The CDE provides technical assistance when the standards are not met. There will be an off-site assessment (OAT) and an on-site review. Please see the following AR guidance:

AR Off-site Assessment Tool (OAT) Guidance

Sponsors are required to fill out the OAT prior to the on-site review. To download the OAT guidance in the Child Nutrition Information and Payment System (CNIPS) Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (2) , select School Nutrition Programs (SNP), select Applications, select Download Forms, and select Form ID SNP 58 AR.

AR Guidance Chart

Once the OAT is completed, the AR reviewer conducts an on-site review to validate the information submitted in the OAT and to observe the operation of programs in selected schools. Prior to the on-site AR, the state reviewer sends sponsors the AR Guidance Chart, so sponsors can prepare all required documents for the on-site AR. To download the guidance chart in the CNIPS, select SNP, select Applications, select Download Forms, and select Form ID SNP 42. For food safety information, refer to Page 19.

USDA AR Manual 2018–19

USDA FNS provides general guidance to state agencies on the areas of review. For complete transparency and to download the AR Manual in the CNIPS, select SNP, select Applications, select Download Forms, and select Form ID MANUAL AR. For food safety information, refer to pages 178–189.

For more information regarding ARs, visit the CDE SNPs web page.

Trainings

In-Person Workshops

To register for a food safety workshop, please use the Child Nutrition Information and Payment System (CNIPS) Training Registration Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (3) web page. Instructions for registration can be found on the California Department of Education (CDE) CNIPS Training Registration web page. The Nutrition Services Division will continuously update this section as new trainings become available. Please note that due to COVID-19, in-person trainings have been temporarily put on hold.

For assistance with online registration or if you are unable to attend and need to cancel, please contact the CNIPS Help Desk on weekdays from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. by phone at 800-952-5609, Option 6, or by email at CNIPS@cde.ca.gov. If possible, please provide your registration confirmation number when canceling your registration.

Online Courses

Operations

Course
Number
Course Name Training Topic Target Audience

Institute of Child Nutrition (ICN)

(External Resource)

Food Safety in Schools Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (4)

Food Safety

Food Service Director and Staff

ICN

(Video) Basic Food Safety: Chapter 1 "The Importance of Food Safety" (English)

(External Resource)

Food Safety and HACCP Principles

Food Service Director and Staff

016

SFSP Food Safety

Food Safety

Summer Meal Program Operators

Additional Online Training Databases

To find additional online training databases, visit the:

  • CDE CNPs Course Catalog web page for food safety trainings.

Resources

General Resources

Best Practices

General Resources

Resource Description

USDA FNS Food Safety Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (8)

Provides information on food safety and security related to the federal Child Nutrition Programs and other federal assistance programs administered by the USDA.

USDA FNS Food and Nutrition Information Center Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (9)

Provides a directory to credible, accurate, and practical resources for consumers, nutrition and health professionals, educators, and government personnel.

U.S. Health and Human Services Food Safety Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (10)

(Video) Introduction to Food Safety

This site is a gateway to federal food safety information.

International Food Information Council Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (11)

Communicates science-based information on food safety and nutrition to health and nutrition professionals, educators, journalists, government officials, and others providing information to consumers. The International Food Information Council (IFIC) is supported primarily by the broad-based food, beverage, and agricultural industries with the purpose of bridging the gap between science and communications through partnerships to assist in translating research into understandable and useful information.

Institute of Child Nutrition Food Safety Resources Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (12)

Fact sheets, training courses, posters, and workshops for all things food safety.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration Food Code Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (13)

Local, state, tribal, and federal regulators use the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Food Code as a model to develop or update their own food safety rules and to be consistent with national food regulatory policy.

California Department of Public Health Retail Food Code Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (14)

Provides information on retail food regulation and statutes. It also houses the California Retail Food Code (CalCode). The portion of the California Health and Safety Code known as the CalCode contains the structural, equipment, and operational requirements for all California retail food facilities.

Kansas State University Center for Food Safety in CNPs Advancing Food Safety in CNPs Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (15)

The Kansas State University (KSU) Program provides food safety solutions to school nutrition directors and operators, scientists, policymakers, educators, and practitioners. Research areas are prioritized through the cooperative agreement with the USDA FNS Office of Food Safety.

California Department of Food and Agriculture California Small Farm Food Safety Guidelines Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (16)

The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) provides CNP Operators with guidance to comply with applicable local land use and zoning restrictions and use best practices to grow, harvest, and distribute the community foods they are producing.

Best Practices

Resource Description

Food-Safe Schools Action Guide Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (17)

Website for the National Coalition of Food Safe Schools which provides school food safety information and resources. A food-safe school action guide is also available at this website and contains tools to help schools build support for food-safe school programs, such as a how-to guide and video, motivational PowerPoint® presentation and administrator's briefing brochure, topical in-depth modules, and more!

USDA HACCP Guidance Manual Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (18) (PDF)

This document serves as USDA guidance for the implementation of HACCP-based food safety programs in schools participating in the NSLP or the SBP.

California Department of Education Raw Sprouts Guidance

(Video) Food Safety Education: Chill 60 (2011) Ad Council Radio PSA

Guidance regarding the use of raw sprouts in the CNPs per the California Department of Health, Food and Drug Branch requirements.

KSU The Center for Food Safety in CNPs Best Practices for Maintaining the Temperature of Milk Served Outside of the Cafeteria Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (19) (PDF)

Research poster (PDF) from KSU that reports on how the internal temperature of milk is impacted by milk packaging and commonly used holding procedures in school nutrition settings.

USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service Food Product Dating Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (20)

Provides information on food product dating.

Policy

The USDA issues policy memoranda related to food safety in the CNPs. When merited, the California Department of Education (CDE) will release a subsequent management bulletin (MB) to include state specific policy guidance and/or further explain or clarify the topic.

Calendar Year 2019

Release Date Issued by Topic Subject Reference Number

3/2019

CDE

Food Safety

Food Safety Certification Requirements

SNP-05-2019

Calendar Year 2014

Release Date Issued by Topic Subject Reference Number

2/2014

CDE

Food Safety

Mandatory Food Safety Inspections—Reminder

SNP-09-2014

(Video) California Department of Education Food Distribution Program: USDA Foods Complaints

Calendar Year 2013

Release Date Issued by Topic Subject Reference Number

4/2013

USDA

Food Safety

Enhancing the School Food Safety Program FAQs Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (21)

SP 37-2013

Calendar Year 2005

Release Date Issued by Topic Subject Reference

9/2005

CDE

Food Safety

Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (22)

General Information Sheet #15

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Are food handlers in the CNPs subject to the California Food Handlers Card requirements?

Public schools, private schools, and residential facilities are exempt from the California Food Handlers Card requirements (with the exception of Riverside, San Bernardino and San Diego counties, which are subject to the local food handler programs).

Is the use of latex gloves prohibited in CNPs food service?

Yes, per California Health and Safety Code, sections 113961 and 113973, food facilities and retail food establishments are required to use nonlatex utensils, including nonlatex gloves.

Is there any regulation that prohibits storage of a food item in a school walk-in freezer, when it is not purchased by school food service and it is not for the use of school food service?

Yes, food items are required to be obtained from approved sources (California Health and Safety Code, sections 113945.1 and 113947).

Are nonfood service persons or staff permitted in the school food service or food facility area?

No, persons that are not necessary to the food facility operation are not permitted in the food preparation, food storage, or warewashing areas (California Health and Safety Code Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (23), sections 113945.1 and 113947).

Is the district required to pay for the Food Safety Certification training/certificate?

Since the Food Safety Certification is required by both the federal Food and Drug Administration Food Code and the California Health and Safety Code, it is an allowable cafeteria fund expense. That said, this would be a local level decision regarding the procurement of this requirement. Some districts require each site supervisor/manager to be food safety certified as part of their position requirement, and others provide this training and certification to their staff. Ultimately, it is up to the district to determine which option works best for their organization.

For a school that has multiple sites, can the Program Operator take the manager certification program exam, pass, and then train the staff at all sites?

No. Each site (food facility) is required to have at least one food safety certified facility owner or employee. The only exception to this requirement is if the Program Operator has obtained a variance from their local environmental health department (LEHD). This variance must be kept at each site (food facility) that the LEHD has granted the exception.

(Video) Food Safety Training Video

Contacts

  • Mia Bertacchi, Child Nutrition Assistant, Northern School Nutrition Programs Unit (SNPU), 916-445-1261 or mbertacchi@cde.ca.gov
  • Lori Porter, Child Nutrition Consultant, Southern SNPU, 916-322-1454 or at lporter@cde.ca.gov.

Subscribe to the School Nutrition Program Mailing List.

Food Safety - Food Service Education & Training (CA Dept of Education) (24)

FAQs

How do I get a food safety certificate in California? ›

How should I direct employees to obtain a California Food Handler Card? To earn a California Food Handler Card, food handlers need to pass a food handler test with a minimum score of 70 percent. In San Diego, the food handler must earn 80 percent. The course and test may be online or via a classroom-style training.

Is ServSafe required in California? ›

A CA Food Handler Card is required by law. Employees who handle food must have a California Food Handler card on file with their employer within 30 days of hire. To obtain a card, you must complete the training and pass the exam with a 75 percent or higher.

How much does a California food handlers card cost? ›

$7.95 | California Food Handlers Card | eFoodHandlers®

How long does it take to get a CA food handlers card? ›

The California food handler training course takes about 2.5 hours to complete.

What certificate is mandatory for selling food? ›

In the UK, food handlers don't have to hold a food hygiene certificate to prepare or sell food. You must however be able to demonstrate that they have received instructions or supervision in the following ways: training on-the-job. self-study.

Can you do ServSafe on your phone? ›

Mobile and tablets are not supported. You must also have a working webcam/mic and a private location. Click here to do a basic system test. After your purchase is complete, you will receive an email with a ServSafe Manager Exam Access Code and directions for scheduling your exam through ProctorU.

How do I become a food handler trainer? ›

If you are a food handler or want to become one, the first step is learning what is required in your state and city. Next, find a reputable, accredited food handler training provider in your area or online. Read the course description, outline, and objectives to ensure that it covers the required topics.

Do you need a certificate to work in fast food? ›

If you have a food-related business in California, any employees preparing, serving, or storing food must have a food handler card. This state-required card is also referred to as a food service license or certification.

Is the food handlers test hard Reddit? ›

It's so easy. Watch the videos and do the review questions amd you'll be fine. Everyone at my store got at least a 90% all you need is a 77% to pass too. It's pretty low stress.

How long can a food worker perform one task before needing to change gloves? ›

If a worker is performing the same task, the gloves must be changed every four hours because that's long enough for pathogens to multiply to dangerous levels. Anytime the gloves become contaminated, they must be changed.

How long is ca food handlers card good for? ›

A food handler card is valid for three years from the date of issuance. Food handlers must retake and pass the food handler card class every three years to maintain a valid California food handler card.

Do you need a food handlers card to work in California? ›

A: You must obtain a food handler card within 30 days of hire. The law states that food handlers hired prior to June 1, 2011 must obtain a food handler card on or before July 1, 2011. Food handlers hired on or after June 1, 2011 have to obtain a food handler card within 30 days after the date of hire.

How long can a food worker wear gloves? ›

Wearing gloves can reduce the risk of contaminating food, but only when they are worn and changed properly. Gloves must be changed at least every four hours, when returning to work after a break, and when switching tasks. Glove use alone cannot stop the spread of pathogens.

Do you need a Licence to cook and sell food? ›

You are required by law (Article (6) of EC Regulation 852/2004) to register any premises used to prepare, store, transport or sell food. You should do this at least 28 days before trading or before food operations start.

Do you need a food license to sell food? ›

If you want to start a business making, selling, or distributing food, you likely will need to register your business for a food licence. This means that your business is handling and dealing with food safely, and in line with New Zealand's food and safety standards.

What qualifications do I need to work in a kitchen? ›

You'll need:
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail.
  • knowledge of food production methods.
  • the ability to accept criticism and work well under pressure.
  • leadership skills.
  • the ability to work well with others.
  • knowledge of manufacturing production and processes.
  • maths knowledge.
  • the ability to work well with your hands.

How long does the ServSafe online exam take? ›

About the ServSafe® Food Handler Course/Guide

Course Length: Approximately two hours. Assessment Length: A 40-question, non-proctored test with no time limit. Language: English or Spanish versions available.

How long does it take to complete the ServSafe? ›

ServSafe Manager Online Course: 8-10 hours in length. ServSafe Alcohol Online Course: approximately 4 hours in length. ServSafe Food Handler Course: 1 ½-2 hours in length.

How many questions are on the ServSafe manager test? ›

What is the passing score for the ServSafe Food Protection Manager Examination? A passing score is 70% or higher. This is obtained by answering at least 56 out of 80 questions correctly. The exam has 90 questions; however there are 10 pilot questions that are for research purposes only.

What are the course in food handling? ›

Food Handler Course Module

Personal Hygiene. Housekeeping and Sanitation. Food Safety System. Law and Work Ethics.

Who is a food handler? ›

Where it is used, the term 'food handler' mainly refers to people who directly touch open food as part of their work. They can be employed or agency staff. However, it also includes anyone who may touch food contact surfaces or other surfaces in rooms where open food is handled.

Why do food handlers need to undergo food handlers training? ›

Food Hygiene and Food Workers

With the acknowledgment that poor food hygiene practices amongst food workers are a leading cause of food safety incidents, food safety training for employees has become a central component in the management of food contamination risks.

What certificate do I need for food hygiene? ›

In the UK, food handlers don't have to hold a food hygiene certificate to prepare or sell food. You must however be able to demonstrate that they have received instructions or supervision in the following ways: training on-the-job. self-study.

What is food safety certification? ›

This scheme is called FSSC 22000 or Food Safety System Certification and is recognized by the Global Food Safety Initiatives (GFSI), a private organization dedicated to developing food safety management systems to ensure that food facilities are processing safe food for consumers.

Can you do ServSafe on your phone? ›

Mobile and tablets are not supported. You must also have a working webcam/mic and a private location. Click here to do a basic system test. After your purchase is complete, you will receive an email with a ServSafe Manager Exam Access Code and directions for scheduling your exam through ProctorU.

Who provides regulations for food safety in California? ›

Regulations governing the safety of animal and plant products at the production level are enforced by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the California Department of Public Health, CDFA Milk and Dairy Food Safety Branch and local health departments.

What qualifications do I need to work in a kitchen? ›

You'll need:
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail.
  • knowledge of food production methods.
  • the ability to accept criticism and work well under pressure.
  • leadership skills.
  • the ability to work well with others.
  • knowledge of manufacturing production and processes.
  • maths knowledge.
  • the ability to work well with your hands.

What certificates do I need to work in a kitchen? ›

In short you need:
  • Level 1 food hygiene certificate for all waiting and front of house staff.
  • Level 2 Food Hygiene Certificate for all kitchen staff, Line chefs, Kitchen Porters etc.
  • Level 3 Food Hygiene Certificate for kitchen management, Executive and Head Chefs.

How long is a food hygiene certificate valid for? ›

A: Food Safety certificates never expire, and there is no legal requirement for you to renew your certificate. However, it is recommended that you undertake refresher training at least once every three years.

What is the highest food safety certification? ›

ISO 9001. ISO 9001 is an internationally recognized Quality Management System (QMS) standard. It is a world leader in SGC, surpassing one million certificates worldwide. This standard is applicable to any organization, regardless of its size, sector or activity or geographic location.

Why food certification is required? ›

Food Safety Certification validates that the food business is managed by following healthy practices that ensure safety and quality. The environmental and other management systems are also required to be up to the mark along with the legal and standard compliant.

What are food handlers test? ›

Food Handlers' Test is a set of tests and medical examination that certifies workers handling food, drinks, confectioneries and medicines for medical fitness. Oversight is provided by a number of governmental agencies including NAFDAC and state Ministries of Health.

How long does the ServSafe online exam take? ›

About the ServSafe® Food Handler Course/Guide

Course Length: Approximately two hours. Assessment Length: A 40-question, non-proctored test with no time limit. Language: English or Spanish versions available.

How long does it take to complete the ServSafe? ›

ServSafe Manager Online Course: 8-10 hours in length. ServSafe Alcohol Online Course: approximately 4 hours in length. ServSafe Food Handler Course: 1 ½-2 hours in length.

How many questions are on the ServSafe manager test? ›

What is the passing score for the ServSafe Food Protection Manager Examination? A passing score is 70% or higher. This is obtained by answering at least 56 out of 80 questions correctly. The exam has 90 questions; however there are 10 pilot questions that are for research purposes only.

What department handles food safety? ›

Four agencies play major roles in carrying out food safety regulatory activities: the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which is part of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS); the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA); the Environmental Protection Agency ( ...

How long does a California food handlers certificate last? ›

A food handler card is valid for three years from the date of issuance. Food handlers must retake and pass the food handler card class every three years to maintain a valid California food handler card.

What agency is responsible for food safety? ›

The Codex Alimentarius Commission, managed by FAO and WHO, establishes science-based food standards, guidelines and codes of practice that improve food safety and quality by establishing limits for contaminants in food, guidelines for good hygienic practices, labeling, food additives, inspection and certification, and ...

Videos

1. Civil Rights Requirements of the CACFP
(RIDE Child Nutrition Programs)
2. School Board Meeting 9-28-2022
(CAHS Falcon Productions)
3. Food Safety Education: Clean 60 (2011) Ad Council Radio PSA
(Michael Anthony V.)
4. Basic Food Safety: Chapter 2 "Health and Hygiene" (English)
(eFoodhandlers Inc.)
5. Tuesdays@2 School Nutrition Town Hall (15) – CDE 01/26/21
(CDE Nutrition Programs)
6. A Flash of Food Safety Calibrating a Thermometer: Ice Water Method
(USDA)

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